Shoulder specialist physiotherapist
Your shoulder is a ball and socket joint. The bone in your upper arm is called your humerus and forms the ball part of your shoulder joint. The curved end of your shoulder blade forms the socket part of your shoulder joint.
The ball and socket structure of your shoulder allows your arm to move up and down, backwards and forwards or in a circular motion. Due to the large amount of movement that happens at the shoulder joint, a decent muscle strength is required to keep your shoulder functioning optimally. Normally day-to-day activity is enough to keep this in shape, but sometimes specific exercises need to be practiced to keep the shoulder strong and healthy.
While the muscles of the shoulder help to produce movement, ligaments and tendons hold your shoulder together structurally. Ligaments connect bone to bone and tendons connect muscle to bone.
A layer of cartilage keeps the bones apart so that they don’t rub against each other.
The shoulder is a complicated joint and there are many things that can go wrong in the shoulder. I am going to discuss a few of the most common shoulder injuries in the upcoming weeks to help you understand them better.
The majority of shoulder pain involves the muscles, ligaments, cartilage and tendons. Probably the most common shoulder injury is a rotator cuff tear.
Common shoulder pain or conditions include:
- Rotator Cuff Tears
- Frozen Shoulder (Adhesive Capsulitis)
- Shoulder impingement/Rotator Cuff tendinopathy
- Dislocated shoulder/Shoulder Instability
- SLAP Tear (Superior Labrum Anterior and Posterior)
- Shoulder Arthritis (Shoulder Osteoarthritis)